Agriculture is one of the important sectors not just in India but in the whole world. This is especially true in an agrarian country like India where farmers are considered to be equal to God. Rightly so, because without farmers there would be no food to feed our growing population in the country. Almost every one of us would starve to death if the farming community stops their work. Undoubtedly, the farmer in India is the real backbone of our country.
The contribution of farmers in our everyday life and economy is huge. In order to honour the work that they put in to make sure that there is enough food for everyone in the country, December 23 is observed as the Kisan Diwas, or Farmers’ Day in India. Further, the day also commemorates the birth anniversary of the 5th Prime Minister of India, Chaudhary Charan Singh. He had come up with many farmer-friendly policies and had also worked a lot for the welfare of farmers.
Chaudhary Charan Singh introduced several schemes for the farmers in his short stint as Prime Minister. He introduced pro-farmer bills like the Agricultural Produce Market Bill in the Assembly in 1939, served as the Agriculture minister in 1952, and abolished the zamindari system in 1953.
The farmers day observance is a programme to assess how important is the role of farmers in social and economic development of a country. They need to be helped in education, training in scientific farming, loan, storage and marketing of their produce and many more.
In Uttar Pradesh there are around 26 agriculture center where their farmers are thought about the farming activity and the new technology for the farming activities, and this makes the agriculture field more developed, so we should always inculcate the value farmers are very important in everyone life and the government should take the initiative to make the farmers and the agriculture site more importance as agriculture is the backbone of our country.
The Theme Of Celebration:
The theme of celebration indicates that by only developing & powering agricultural fields we gain a state of economic growth with rising more benefits and full employment. Kisan Diwas celebrations are normally filled with discussions, workshops, exhibitions, and other programs organised by the government and other organisations.
Kisan Diwas Significance
There are various reasons behind the observance of Kisan Diwas. The most common reason has to be to celebrate the farming community of India, which almost 70% of the country. It is important to note that despite being the most prominent means of life for so many people, not many are aware of the problems that farmers face. People remain ignorant about the necessary information about this sect of the country. Kisan Diwas celebrations work on educating people about these issues, and also focused on empowering the farmers themselves with the latest learnings of the agricultural sector.
In our agricultural country, most of our farmers are from rural areas. They can’t be cultivating their land in scientific ways. In results fail to produce a lot of food or other agricultural products. Most of our farmers are leading a poor life. You know the farmers after paying their taxes, debts etc. they save only a few amounts of money which is not enough to maintain their livelihoods. They become debts due to many reasons like, unsuitable weather conditions, high costs farming essentials, low remuneration for their products and due to this we all have seen in many cases that due to tension or pressure farmers attempt to suicide.
Challenges Faced By Indian Farmers :
- Unreliable Monsoon .
- Lack of technology.
- Irregular supply of electricity.
- Lack of education.
How to Improve Indian Agriculture :
- Planting trees on farms to increase the yield of crops.
- Eliminating intermediaries and direct buying from farmers.
- Requesting local government to provide facilities.
- Irrigation Facilities.
- Institutional Credit.
- Proper Marketing Facilities.
- Educate the farmers.
- Donating to NGOs working for agriculture welfare.
“Agriculture is our wisest pursuit because it will in the end contribute most to real wealth, good morals, and happiness.”– THOMAS JEFFERSON.
The best way to respect a Farmer is to respect his produce by not wasting it.
Thanks for reading..!🙏.
Marriage as a social institution is recognized as a civilized social order where two individuals, capable of entering into the union, have pledged themselves to the institutional norms and values and promised to each other a very strong bond to sustain and maintain the marital obligation. Despite all the promises made at different occasions of marriage ceremony that the individual incompatibilities and attitudinal differences for non-adjustment or refusal for adjustment may come to an end, but certain circumstances occurred where the husbands and his families demand i.e. Dowry which is not fulfilled and sometimes a perverted sense of revenge occurred.
A dowry is a transfer of parental property, gifts, or money at the marriage of a daughter (bride). Dowry is a payment of cash or gifts from the bride’s family to the groom’s family upon marriage.
The Status of Women in Ancient Indian Society
We have the ancient scriptures which talk about women with such high respect. We only hear about Swayamvar in the ancient Hindu marriage traditions where it was the bride who decided whom to marry. There was no Swayam Vadhu, the groom could not hold beauty contests to decide which bride to marry. Instead it was the girl who in a Swayamvar, would put all the competing potential bridegrooms to different contests and then select the bridegroom whom she liked. In the Swayamvar of Sita in Ramayana, Rama had to lift the Shiva’s bow to prove that he was eligible to marry Sita. In the Swayamvar in Mahabharat, Arjuna had to hit the eye of the fish rotating above by only looking at the fish’s reflection in a pool of oil below.
So if this was the importance given to women in our tradition, then when and where did this contradiction of the menace of dowry enter our society? We don’t find any instances of dowry related violence in the literature of ancient times. Not even in the literature belonging to the pre-colonial era of India. So when did the Indian society adopt the evil version of dowry which has created numerous social problems in the Indian society ranging from female foeticide, violence on married women, financial stress on parents of girl child, imbalance in male-female ratio, broken marriages, mistrust between families, etc.
The custom of dowry is deep-rooted in Indian society over the years, it has turned into a social peril, too entrenched and devilish to be tackled by reformers and law-makers. Though the efforts for the eradication of the dowry practise go back to more than a century, it has perhaps become the most alarming social issue during the last two decades or so as manifested by the growing violence against women emerging from matters relating to dowry. It is generally understood that dowry, in its original form, was not based on greed and extortion as it quite often the case today but present a token of love and regard for the bridegroom. The term Varadakshina, mentioned in the Hindu Shastras, was a Dakshina of a purely voluntary nature without which the meritorious act of Kanyadaan would not be complete. The role of the bride’s parents was to provide security and compensation for inheritance rights to the daughter in order to enable her to lead a dignified and harmonious relationship with her husband and his family.
Dowry death basically means bride’s suicide or killing a bride by her husband or by family members after the marriage because of dissatisfaction with the dowry. Dowry is a matter of concern nowadays in India as most of the bride die because of dowry as her father and family members unable to fulfill the demand.
In last 5 years as many as 715 cases of dowry death has been reported in national capital and crime rate has been increasing in every passing year. According to the Indian National Crime Records Bureau every day at least 20 women become a victim of dowry death and the annual figures go well above 7000 deaths. As per experts several cases are not reported and the actual death could be three or four times the official statistics.
As the number of cases are rapidly increasing the act for the prohibition of dowry was made in 1961. “ DOWRY PROHIBITION ACT 1961”. This act prohibits the payment or acceptance of a dowry as consideration of marriage . after the enforcement of this act dowry becomes illegal in India .
The brutal reality of the dowry system is not the story of rural areas only. Even the educated family sitting in metropolitan cities like Delhi and Bangalore is harassing a woman for not bringing enough gold or money. Bengaluru, the silicon valley of India, reported 17 cases of abuse and death of women for dowry in 2020.
Ample opportunity has already past that we need an adjustment in the mentality and demeanor of the individuals about dowry . Teaching youngsters since the beginning about the significance of gender equality could be an important beginning toward that path. We should treat our girls similarly with no segregation. Teach and urge young ladies to seek after a vocation of their choice as opposed to giving immense dowry . This is the best blessing any parent can give their daughter . Make mindfulness among young ladies to imagine that they would not permit their folks to languish tremendous obligations over their marriage. Youngsters should take a choice that they would not live on target of another people efforts and furthermore take choice not to become marketable products sold by their parents.
Why The Dowry System Is Still Prevalent
We are in 2020. Dowry system was abolished in 1961 in India. The reason for the prevalence of this custom is the patriarchal society that values men over women. In India boys have a rate card in many societies. This is the unofficial price the boy is worth. And that worth is measured by the amount of dowry a boy will get upon marriage. The stronghold of the gender inequality in Indian society makes a bride’s family feel obliged to meet the dowry demands of the man who has ‘agreed’ to take care of the daughter. The second major reason is that the dowry system is too deeply rooted in the Indian culture that it is seen as normal and unchangeable. Even today, if people are reminded that dowry is a crime, they ignore it as an alternate reality which cannot change the age-old customs. Many educated families practice it, willingly or unwillingly, to avoid being criticized for not following the customs. After all who will dare to change the traditions? The third and most important reason is the dominance of the institution of marriage. A woman’s marriage is of the paramount importance in Indian families. If a woman’s marriage requires dowry in return of her secured married life which is a challenge in the world that is unsafe and discriminatory for women, it is never seen as a crime.
Any young man, who makes dowry a condition to marriage, discredits his education and his country and dishonours womanhood.-mahatma gandhi
Dowry death is a social curse which is a burning issue in Indian society. Organized approach by women welfare organizations, police, public servants and judiciary by applying deterrent punishment for dowry deaths culprit. It can be observed that government of India along with Indian judiciary makes co-operative and supportive law to safeguard the life interest and dignity of women and provide further justice to the victim of harassment or cruelty by husband and his relatives. Change in education system led to an improvement in the education status of female and door to door employment service will lesser down dowry deaths. Still, certain corrective measures need to adopt to eradicate or at least curb this social menace of dowry death, but most importantly it needs a public will and commitment to shun away materialistic greed of dowry demands.
Thanks for reading!..🙏.
” If a drop of water falls in a lake, there is no identity, But if it falls on a leaf it shines… So choose the best place where your ability shines”.
“Our destiny is not created by the shoes we wear, But by the steps we take”.
Slavery refers to a condition in which individuals are owned by others, who control where they live and at what they work. Slavery had previously existed throughout history, in many times and most places.
The History Of Slavery.
The history of slavery is a large and untellable story, full of tragedy and cruelty that spans both centuries and continents. Although it is difficult to pinpoint the exact year that slavery began, historians can trace the roots of this inhumane practice back roughly 11,000 years.
The practice of human slavery grew as the world became more civilized and organized cities and farms were developed. Sumer or Sumeria is still thought to be the birthplace of slavery, which grew out of Sumer into Greece and other parts of ancient Mesopotamia. The Ancient East, specifically China and India, didn’t adopt the practice of slavery until much later, as late as the Qin Dynasty in 221 BC. Historians debate whether or not the practice of slavery in India existed before this time, but many believe argue against its existence as there is no word in ancient Sanskrit that can be translated as “slave.”
The Life of a Slave in Ancient Times.
Slavery in ancient times typically came about as a result of debt, birth into a slave family, child abandonment, war, or as a punishment for crime. At the outset, the slave trade wasn’t very popular and was certainly not a booming global business. Rather, slavers would often seek out a buyer who could use the specific skills of a slave, matching supply with demand on a local and personal level. According to historical texts, the lives of slaves in ancient times were typically better than that of peasants in the same era, as they had regular care, food, shelter and clothing. Slaves rarely attempted to run away unless their masters were atypically cruel.
Modern Day Slavery.
We believe everyone, everywhere has the right to a life free from slavery. But right now, millions of children and adults are trapped in slavery in every single country in the world. Including yours.
Modern slavery is the severe exploitation of other people for personal or commercial gain. Modern slavery is all around us, but often just out of sight. People can become entrapped making our clothes, serving our food, picking our crops, working in factories, or working in houses as cooks, cleaners or nannies.From the outside, it can look like a normal job. But people are being controlled – they can face violence or threats, be forced into inescapable debt, or have had their passport taken away and are being threatened with deportation.
According to the International Labour Organisation (ILO) more than 40 million people worldwide are victims of modern slavery. Although modern slavery is not defined in law, it is used as an umbrella term covering practices such as forced labour, debt bondage, forced marriage, and human trafficking. Essentially, it refers to situations of exploitation that a person cannot refuse or leave because of threats, violence, coercion, deception, and/or abuse of power. In addition, more than 150 million children are subject to child labour, accounting for almost one in ten children around the world. ILO has adopted a new legally binding Protocol designed to strengthen global efforts to eliminate forced labour, which entered into force in November 2016.
The International Day for the Abolition of Slavery, 2 December, marks the date of the adoption, by the General Assembly, of the United Nations Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others (resolution 317(IV) of 2 December 1949).
The focus of this day is on eradicating contemporary forms of slavery, such as trafficking in persons, sexual exploitation, the worst forms of child labour, forced marriage, and the forced recruitment of children for use in armed conflict.
Countries with the Highest Concentration.
Research from the Global Slavery Index shows that North Korea, Uzbekistan, Cambodia, India, and Qatar have the highest percentage of slavery among their population. In North Korea roughly 4.37% of the population is enslaved, most of these by the North Korean government who force them into slavery, even selling them to work abroad in Russia, China and even the United States. In India, modern day slavery often involves debt bondage, where individuals are forced into to slavery to pay off debt, either their own or from previous generations.
How You Can Help To End Slavery in Your Community
One way you can help to stop contemporary slavery ( Modern Slavery) is by knowing and understanding the signs. For example, if a person cannot leave their job, reports low wages, isn’t properly cared for or never speaks for themselves, they may be victims of slavery. For children, look for a lack of access to education, poor nutrition, shabby clothing, and lack of playtime. If you notice children’s beds or clothing in factories or businesses where they don’t belong, this is an indicator of child slavery. If you recognize any of these signs, call the National Human Trafficking Hotline at 1-888-373-7888 to report it.
“Slavery is founded on the selfishness of man’s nature, opposition to it on his love of justice “.
– Abraham lincoln.
Thanks for reading ! 🙏.
- Never be friends with people who talk to you only for their own advantage.
- Seek respect not attention. Attention disappears within seconds while respect lasts way longer.
- Stop pleasing others because you can’t be everybody’s favorite girl/boy so don’t even try to impress each and every person.
- Never argue with your haters. They are just like parasites who suck all the positive energy out of you.
- Be grateful to the people who support you when everybody else stands against you.
- Never suppress your emotions for a long time.
Violence against women and girls is a major health and human rights issue.United Nations General Assembly defnes Violence against Women as “Any act of gender based violence that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual, or psychological harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or private life”.
Violence against women is a global problem occurring in every culture and social group. Now a days violence affects the live of millions of women and girls in all socio-economic classes around the world. It cuts across cultural and religious barriers and take a variety of forms, from domestic abuse to the child marriages and female circumcision. Violence against women is largely unreported. Fear and stigma often prevent women from reporting incidents of violence or seeking assistance.
In fact, 80 percent of women who have been physically abused by their partners have been never informed the Police. In December 1999, at the 54th session, the UN General Assembly adopted a resolution declaring that November 25th the International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women and Girls.
Every year, 25 November and the ensuing 16 Days of Activism against Gender Violence which follow (ending on 10 December, Human Rights Day) are commemorated around the world, providing individuals and groups a chance to mobilize and call attention to the urgent need to end violence against women and girls.
This is the Shadow Pandemic growing amidst the COVID-19 crisis and we need a global collective effort to stop it. As COVID-19 cases continue to strain health services, essential services, such as domestic violence shelters and helplines, have reached capacity. More needs to be done to prioritize addressing violence against women in COVID-19 response and recovery efforts. The COVID-19 pandemic has shown once more that for some women not even their home is a safe place.
Theme for the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women is “Orange the World: Fund, Respond, Prevent, Collect”.
Figures show that violence against women and children has increased since COVID-19 lockdown measures started. Some Member States have introduced gender-sensitive response measures, such as special alert mechanisms in pharmacies, to protect women and children from all forms of violence.
Gender-based violence (GBV) or violence against women and girls (VAWG), is a global pandemic that affects 1 in 3 women in their lifetime.By September 2020, 48 countries had integrated prevention and response to violence against women and girls into COVID-19 response plans.The numbers are staggering:
- 137 women are killed by a member of their family every day.
- Adult women account for nearly half (49 per cent) of all human trafficking victims detected globally.
- In 2019, one in five women, aged 20–24 years, were married before the age of 18.
- At least 200 million women and girls, aged 15–49 years, have undergone female genital mutilation in 31 countries where the practice is concentrated.
- 15 million adolescent girls worldwide, aged 15–19 years, have experienced forced sex.
- School-related gender-based violence is a major obstacle to universal schooling and the right to education for girls.
- One in 10 women in the European Union report having experienced cyber-harassment since the age of 15.
- In the Middle East and North Africa, 40–60 percent of women have experienced street-based sexual harassment.
- Across five regions, 82 per cent of women parliamentarians reported having experienced some form of psychological violence while serving their terms.
Prevention of Violence
- Perception of Society to be changed.
- Education and Awareness among all.
- Developing Programs.
- Setting up Family Counselling Centres.
- Implementing Laws Strictly.
- Effective Cooperation between NGOs and Police.
“Break the Silence when you Witness Violence against women and girl, Do not step back, step forward and Act on it”.
Violence against women is a chosen action against a women or a girl child simply because of her gender, simply because she is female. Change is possible, but it requires action, commitment and determination.
Thanks for reading!…🙏
NASA study has found that Jupiter’s moon Europa can glow in the dark due to radiation.
Scientists are almost certain that hidden beneath the icy surface of Europa is a salty-water ocean thought to contain twice as much water as Earth’s oceans combined. Europa is Jupiter’s fourth largest moon and as it passes through the strong magnetic field of its host planet, its surface is bombarded by high-energy protons, electrons, and ions. As these particles interact with the moon’s salt- and ice-rich crust, they could trigger complex physical and chemical processes that have important consequences for Europa’s chemical composition.
Europa may be the most promising place in our solar system to find present-day environments suitable for some form of life beyond Earth.
Slightly smaller than Earth’s Moon, Europa’s water-ice surface is crisscrossed by long, linear fractures, cracks, ridges, and bands. The moon’s ice shell is probably 10 to 15 miles (15 to 25 kilometers) thick, beneath which the ocean is estimated to be 40 to 100 miles (60 to 150 kilometers) deep. Like Earth, Europa is thought to also contain a rocky mantle and iron core.
Researcher’s came to the conclusion that the reason behind it glowing in the dark is the radiation it receives from the largest planet of our solar system. The Research team also believes that its surface may contain common salt found on our planet as well which helps it glow in the dark.
NASA will conduct further research using the Europa Clipper mission, which will conduct flyby near the orbit of the moon. This will help scientists understand whether their hypothesis was correct or not.
Diwali is the brightest and the most significant festival in Indian culture. It illuminates the country with its brilliance and dazzles people with its joyous celebration. One of the most pious occasions, Diwali is celebrated not only in India but also in southern Asia and in different parts of the world by Hindus, Sikhs and Jains for a variety of reasons.
The festival of lights is commonly celebrated by decorating homes with candles and lamps, observing religious rituals, exchanging gifts and wishes to one another and bursting of firecrackers. However, to minimize the depletion of air quality in India, Supreme Court issued an order to burst only ‘green crackers’ between the time range of 8-10 PM.
History and Origin of Diwali:
Historically, Diwali can be traced back to ancient India. It is most likely a festival of lights which began as an important harvest festival that stretches back more than 2,500 years. However, various legends are associated with the origin of Diwali. Many of these stories are about the triumph of good over evil.
Tale of the Ramayana :
The most popular tale associated with Diwali is the return of Lord Ram to Ayodhya following his 14 years of exile and after defeating the demon king Ravana. During this exile, the wicked king Ravana of Lanka abducted Sita. After a lot of hurdles and a lengthy quest, Lord Rama finally vanquished Lanka and saved Sita. In joyous celebration of this victory and the return of King Rama, the people of Ayodhya rejoiced by illuminating the kingdom with earthen diyas and distributing sweets, a tradition still followed by myriad people who celebrate the festival.
How fireCrackers affect our health?
Diwali brings unwatchable excitement and celebratory spirit. Though Diwali is actually a festival of lights, in the past few years it has become a festival much of crackers and less of lights. Now it’s time to realize that fireworks can light up the entire sky above our home for few moments but can adversely affect our environment and our health for a long time.
Firing crackers on Diwali increase the concentration of dust and pollutants in the air. After firing, the fine dust particles get settled on the surrounding surfaces which are packed with chemicals like copper, zinc, sodium, lead, magnesium, cadmium and pollutants like oxides of sulfur and nitrogen. These invisible yet harmful particles affect the environment and in turn, put our health at stake. Firecrackers are not only the reasons for the pollution.
Here is how the Chemicals used in Crackers affect our Health:
- Copper: Irritates the respiratory tract.
- Cadmium: Leads to anemia by reducing the capacity of blood to carry oxygen.
- Zinc: Can cause metal fume fever and induces vomiting.
- Lead: Harms the nervous system.
- Magnesium: Metal fume fever is caused by Magnesium fumes.
- Sodium: It is a highly reactive element and caused burns when it is combined with moisture.
How do FireCrackers Affect The Animals :
Firecrackers. Sounds like concentrated fun. Maybe, for all of us. But for our speechless pets, animals and birds, it is veritably the worst time of the year. We can reason out the logic behind the noise and the polluted air that chokes, but not them.
During Diwali, watch the behaviour and body language of the animals. Their tails are between their legs. Cowering in fear, they try to hide themselves, unable to stand the din of crackers. Dogs and cats have highly sensitive hearing abilities. They hear sounds that the human ear cannot. That is why sounds of , continuous loud bursts are literally nerve racking. They sense danger.
Some animals may take a week to ten days to fully recover and be their normal selves. If they have an ailment, it usually gets aggravated due to stress. Many get vets to administer anti-anxiety drugs to reduce their pets’ trauma on the eve of Diwali. The deafening crackers have been known to cause temporary deafness in animals and disorient birds, making them fly out of their shelters into alien corners in search of safety. As most birds have poor vision, especially at night, they bump into unknown objects and injure themselves. The smoke also affects them. The bright glare of burning firecrackers can also burn or permanently blind flying birds. Owls, kites and bats are the worst-affected. Some communities sacrifice owls during Diwali as they consider it auspicious as it would bring them wealth and fortune. By the way, owls are a protected species and hunting or killing them would attract punishment under the Wildlife Protection Act, 1960.
“Let’s not forget our nature this Diwali, Celebrate an eco-friendly diwali”.
If we burst crackers this Diwali, It will show that we do not care for the earth we live in. It will show that we do not even care for our well-being and our health.
Have a happy, safe and blessed Diwali!😊
“Satisfied life is better than Successful life. Because our success is measured by others but our satisfaction is measured by our own soul, mind and heart”.